Almost every small child has some inherent fear of the dark. It seems to be a genetic occurrence. It may be the result of our early ancestors who would fear predators that would be after them after the sun went down. Or maybe it’s a natural protection mechanism of the human brain. Whatever it is, there has always been a fear of the dark in the psyche of most people. It is referred to as a phobia, one that can happen to people that are either very young, and extend throughout their lives. They may begin to imagine how they are surrounded by unseen monsters or predators, causing this irrational feeling to manifest. This article will address the different types of fear of the dark, and also discuss ways of curing this problem.
Different Types Of Fear Of The Dark
Nyctophobia is the common professional name for this type of condition. Psychologists have related this to separation anxiety disorder. When you are not able to see the world around you, especially those that you care about, it will make you feel isolated and alone. More severe cases of this condition include scotophobia and lygophobia, both of which can be treated. This is done either by using some type of medication, or through psychological intervention. Both of these approaches have mixed results in terms of long-lasting effects.
Symptoms Of Nyctophobia
There are many very common symptoms that are associated with this condition. These symptoms are similar across the world. People can experience dizziness, trembling, sweating, chest pain, and also an accelerated heart rate. They may also experience shortness of breath, making it almost impossible for them to breathe! Being in the dark is a very unpleasant experience when these symptoms manifest. There are many triggers that can cause this to happen, and will be different for each person that is affected.
What Triggers This?
The trigger for this condition can vary depending upon the age of the person, and the type of experiences that they have had. For example, a small child that is still very needy, will definitely experience separation anxiety when they are placed in a dark room. This is why most small children have a nightlight so that this feeling can be less effective. Adults that have this condition have either not grown out of it, or they have experienced something in their lives which has prompted its re-occurrence, for which they will need pharmaceuticals or therapy.
Although there are several ways to deal with fear of dark, it really is all a frame of mind. When you are older, you are able to rationalize that there are no monsters in the closet, or boogie men under your bed. Therefore this type of fear will usually become less over time as the rational mind takes over. However, if you still have fear it is recommended that you use a small light when you are going to sleep. Talking to a doctor or psychologist about some form of treatment is also recommended. It is something that can be resolved, which is why speaking to professionals is essential if you want relief.